Swami AmudhanAr was known as Peria Koil Nambi before becoming disciple of JagathaAcharyar Swamy Ramanuja . Nambi appeared at a place called Thirumungirkkudi on Panguni Hastham a divine place near to Srirangam. He was one of the dearest disciple of Swamy Ramanuja . However , before becoming a disciple of Swamy Ramanuja , he was the Head Priest at Lord Sri Ranganathar Temple, Srirangam . He was filled with pride and had no respect towards Acharya Swamy Raamanuja for the command that was granted by Lord Ranganatha to Acharyar . He used to get upset with Swamy’s raising popularity .Out of ego he placed many obstacles in the path Swamy followed during the temple administration.
This caused deep pain to Swami Ramanuja. Swami wished that somehow Nambi must be relocated in any other service in the temple . This will help in continuing the service to LORD and the smooth running of the affairs of the temple is ensured
However Lord Ranganathar had some other plans for Nambi . He appeared in Swami Ramanuja’s dream and commanded , that the temple priest Periya Koil Nambi was serving him past several years and is dependent on him . Hence , he must be taken care off in all reverance . Swami Ramanuja shared his dream with his close disciple Kuresan and concluded that the Lord did not want him to dismiss Periya Koil Nambhi from his service , instead Lord wanted Nambi to be engaged in some other kaimkaryam other than purohitham.
Swamy Raamanuja suggested that Kuresan himself should correct Nambi’s destructive ways and bring him back to the fold of Bhagavathas.Kuresan accepted the suggestion of his Acharyan as commanded and engaged the scholarly Periya Koil Nambi in discussions daily inside the temple and slowly changed his attitude in pure devotional service .
One day , Nambi’s mother passed away and he was performing her Charama kaimkaryam in seclusion as due to his arrogant behaviour many vaishnavas avoided to officiate the ceremonies.
This news reached Swamy Ramanuja . Swamy realized the desperate state of Nambi and suggested that Kuresan must take part in the ceremony and bring some change in him . In this important srarddha ceremony, there is a stage, when the brahmin chosen to accept the ritual food is supposed to say, ” I am satisfied with the offerings given by the kartha ( doer )
However , when that stage arrived, Kuresan remained silent and did not reply the expected word of “ThrupthAsma :” ( meaning he was satisfied) .
Nambi was deeply disturbed and hence pleaded Kuresaa
What needs to be done to satisfy you swamin ?
Acharya Ramanuja had the desire that Kuresan would ask Nambi the following as as dhanam,
1) Purohitham and
2) Purana patanam for Sri RanganAthan, in his temple , which were the hereditary rights of Nambi’s family.
When Kuresan asked for these two boons , Nambi had no choice except to agree. Acharya Raamanuja glad with the outcome handed over the Srirangam temple administration from Nambi and appointed Kuresan to serve as the chief priest and pouranikar for the Lord.
Nambi was glad that the responsibility was handed over to a advanced devotee like Kuresar. Nambi watched the way Kuresar unstinted devotion to LORD .The daily rituals performed meticulously with utmost devotion made Nambi change his attitude towards the devotees and especially Swamy Ramanuja
Lord Ranganatha was very pleased with the turn of events. . Looking at the change in behaviour of Nambi , Kuresan took Nambi and both of them went to Swamy Raamanuja’s ashram . Nambi surrendered to the lotus feet of Swamy Ramanuja with repentance .
Acharya Ramanuja was overjoyed at the transformation in Nambi and recognized that extraordinary scholarship and recommended that Kuresan become the Acharyan to nambi instead of him. The changed personality and his sweetness of speech earned him the name of “AmudhanAr” by Swamy Ramanuja himself .
From then on, Periya Koil Nambi came to be known as ” Thiruvarangatthu AmudhanAr “. He was also addressed with reverence as “PiLLai AmudhanAr”. AmudhanAr coming very close to Swamy Ramanuja and his Acharyar Sri Kooresar was moved by the dayaa of Swamy RaamAnuja and with utmost devotion composed the 108 paasurams of Sri Raamanuja Noorrandhathi and recited in front of Lord NamperumaL.
Lord Ranganatha commanded Swamy RamAnuja not to accompany Him on His Raaja Veedhis procession . He also advised not to play any Naadaswaram , and stopped all the musical instruments .He commanded the Sri Vaishnavas to recite Raamanuja Noorrandhathi.
From then on, Noorrandhathi is recited after Iyarppaa Prabhandam at Perumal and Thayar sannidhis as per the command of Lord NamperumAL. Acharya Ramanuja obeyed the wish of Lord RanganAthA and included the recital of NooRRandhAthi at the end of Iyarppaa recitation, just as KaNNinuNN SiRutthAmpu is recited at the end of Mudal Aayiram. Thus AmudhanAr is to AchArya RaamAnujA just as Madhura Kavi is to Swamy NammAzhwAr. The two prabhandhams by Madhura kavi and Thiruvarangatthu AmudhanAr are like Naayaka rathnams adorning the gem necklace.
In Sri In VaishNava sampradhAyam, AchAryan is recognizedas the avathAra visesham of Sriman NaarAyaNan.Therefore, one worships one’s AchAryan in form of Perumal .
In every one of his NooRRandhAthi paasurams, AmudhanAr placed the ThirunAmAm of Swamy RaamAnusar for our benefit.
iniyenn kuRai namakkemperumAnAr ThirunAmatthAl muni tanatha nooRRettu SAAVITHRI yennu nuNNporuLai kani tantha senjcholl KalithuraiyandhAthi paaDithanthAn punithan ThiruvarangatthamuthAhiya PuNNiyanE
(meaning We have nothing missing in our lives , now that we have the prapanna Gavathree — the 108 pasurams of RaamAnuja nooRRandhAthi celebrating our AchAryan’s sacred name in andhAthi, blessed by puNya moorthi , ThiruvarangatthamudanAr .
Meditating on the deep meanings of this Prabhandham , we do not have any more wants in this world . We do not lack any thing. This prabhandham is otherwise called as Prapanna Gayathri, i.e it is the gayathri manthra to all Prapannaas the ones who have surrendered to LORD lotus feet Elders advise to meditate on Swamy Ramanujas thirumeni mentally as all the Poorvacharyas are his personification .The comparisions is made as follows .All the holy thirumeni is equated with revered Acharyas ..
Eyes : Uyyakondar
Forehead Thiruman Kaapu : Sri Vishvakshsenar
Head : Nammalawar
Face : Nathamuni
Cheeks : Mannakal Nambee
Abdomen : Thiruvarangaperumal Araiyar
Hands : Thirugoshtiyur nambee
Heart : Allavandar
Neck : Perianambee
Lower back : Embaar
Chest : Thirumala nambee
Back : Thirumalai Andaan
Waist : Thirukachhi nambee
Tridandam : Sri Mudali Andaan
Tulasee mani malai : Thirukurugai Piran pillan
Shawdow : Pillai Urungavilliidasar
Holy Yagnopaveetham : Swamy Koorathazhwan
The Safron dress : Vaduganambee
The thighs : Nampillai
The Holy feet : Swamy Pillai LokaAcharyar
Padukas : Swamy Manavala maamuni
Feet Elbows : Parasara bhattar and Namjeeyar
Knees : Vadakku thiruvedi pillai
Feet marks : Thiruvazhmozhi pillai
Fragnance : Swamy Desikar
RAAMAANUJASYA CHARANAU SHARANAM PRAPADYE.
SRIMATHE RAAMAANUJAAYA NAMA:
Adiyen Ramanuja dasan
Photos : Courtesy Google images
Videos : Vijay TV and Thanks to the devotees who uploaded .
All glories to Spiritual masters .